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Geophysical methods for CO2 plume imaging: Comparison of performances

Abstract : Geophysical methods are adequate for imaging the CO 2 plume in order to follow its migration within the reservoir and possible leakages through the caprock formation. In particular, changes in density, seismic velocity or electrical resistivity are associated with changes in the gas saturation and make methods such as gravity, 4D seismic and electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) or CSEM powerful tools to follow up the fate of injected CO 2. Respect to the minimum amount of CO 2 stored that can be quantified for verification purpose, there is an order of magnitude between 4D seismic (few 100s of Kt) and the other two methods (few Mt). Respect to the detection of leakage at the reservoir level, only 4D seismic could be considered as useful. Using downhole measurements, such as crosshole electric or downhole gravity will increase the resolution of these methods and therefore its ability to detect leakage. In case of CO 2 leakage upwards and accumulation within a secondary reservoir located at a few hundreds of meters depth, the resolution of the three methods is increased by several order of magnitude and small amounts of CO 2 could be detected, depending whether it is in gaseous phase or dissolved. It is expected that controlled experiments of leaking CO 2 at shallow depth will help to define more precisely the conditions of use of the three methods.
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Submitted on : Thursday, August 11, 2022 - 12:04:46 PM
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Hubert Fabriol, Adnand Bitri, Bernard Bourgeois, M. Delatre, J.F. Girard, et al.. Geophysical methods for CO2 plume imaging: Comparison of performances. Energy Procedia, Elsevier, 2011, 4, pp.3604 - 3611. ⟨10.1016/j.egypro.2011.02.290⟩. ⟨hal-03749726⟩

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