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The flanking peptides issue from the maturation of the human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) slightly modulate hIAPP-fibril formation but not hIAPP-induced cell death

Abstract : Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a disease characterized by the formation of amyloid fibrillar deposits consisting mainly in human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP), a peptide co-produced and co-secreted with insulin. hIAPP and insulin are synthesized by pancreatic b cells initially as prehormones resulting after sequential cleavages in the mature peptides as well as the two flanking peptides (N-and C-terminal) and the C-peptide, respectively. It has been suggested that in the secretory granules, the kinetics of hIAPP fibril formation could be modulated by some internal factors. Indeed, insulin is known to be a potent inhibitor of hIAPP fibril formation and hIAPP-induced cell toxicity. Here we investigate whether the flanking peptides could regulate hIAPP fibril formation and toxicity by combining biophysical and biological approaches. Our data reveal that both flanking peptides are not amyloidogenic. In solution and in the presence of phospholipid membranes, they are not able to totally inhibit hIAPP-fibril formation neither hIAPP-membrane damage. In the presence of INS-1 cells, a rat pancreatic b-cell line, the flanking peptides do not modulate hIAPP fibrillation neither hIAPP-induced cell death while in the presence of human islets, they have a slightly tendency to reduce hIAPP fibril formation but not its toxicity. These data demonstrate that the flanking peptides do not strongly contribute to reduce mature hIAPP amy-loidogenesis in solution and in living cells, suggesting that other biochemical factors present in the cells must act on mature hIAPP fibril formation and hIAPP-induced cell death.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02998171
Contributor : Lucie Khemtemourian <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 27, 2020 - 12:33:42 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 8, 2020 - 3:46:48 AM

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Shadai Salazar Vazquez, Bertrand Blondeau, Pierre Cattan, Mathieu Armanet, Ghislaine Guillemain, et al.. The flanking peptides issue from the maturation of the human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) slightly modulate hIAPP-fibril formation but not hIAPP-induced cell death. Biochimie, Elsevier, 2020, 170, pp.26-35. ⟨10.1016/j.biochi.2019.12.005⟩. ⟨hal-02998171⟩

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