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Stability of Polymer Ultrathin Films (<7 nm) Made by a Top-Down Approach

Abstract : In polymer physics, the dewetting of spin-coated polystyrene ultrathin films on silicon remains mysterious. By adopting a simple top-down method based on good solvent rinsing, we are able to prepare flat polystyrene films with a controlled thickness ranging from 1.3 to 7.0 nm. Their stability was scrutinized after a classical annealing procedure above the glass transition temperature. Films were found to be stable on oxide-free silicon irrespective of film thickness, while they were unstable (<2.9 nm) and metastable (>2.9 nm) on 2 nm oxide-covered silicon substrates. The Lifshitz–van der Waals intermolecular theory that predicts the domains of stability as a function of the film thickness and of the substrate nature is now fully reconciled with our experimental observations. We surmise that this reconciliation is due to the good solvent rinsing procedure that removes the residual stress and/or the density variation of the polystyrene films inhibiting thermodynamically the dewetting on oxide-free silicon.
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https://hal-univ-lemans.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02344158
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Soumis le : dimanche 3 novembre 2019 - 22:23:59
Dernière modification le : jeudi 9 juin 2022 - 08:20:08

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Jayanta Kumar Bal, Thomas Beuvier, Aparna Beena Unni, Elvia Anabela Chavez Panduro, Guillaume Vignaud, et al.. Stability of Polymer Ultrathin Films (<7 nm) Made by a Top-Down Approach. ACS Nano, American Chemical Society, 2015, 9 (8), pp.8184-8193. ⟨10.1021/acsnano.5b02381⟩. ⟨hal-02344158⟩

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