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Perfect and broadband acoustic absorption by critically coupled sub-wavelength resonators

Abstract : Perfect absorption is an interdisciplinary topic with a large number of applications, the challenge of which consists of broadening its inherently narrow frequency-band performance. We experimentally and analytically report perfect and broadband absorption for audible sound, by the mechanism of critical coupling, with a sub-wavelength multi-resonant scatterer (SMRS) made of a plate-resonator/ closed waveguide structure. In order to introduce the role of the key parameters, we first present the case of a single resonant scatterer (SRS) made of a Helmholtz resonator/closed waveguide structure. In both cases the controlled balance between the energy leakage of the several resonances and the inherent losses of the system leads to perfect absorption peaks. In the case of the SMRS we show that systems with large inherent losses can be critically coupled using resonances with large leakage. In particular, we show that in the SMRS system, with a thickness of λ/12 and diameter of λ/7, several perfect absorption peaks overlap to produce absorption bigger than 93% for frequencies that extend over a factor of 2 in audible frequencies. The reported concepts and methodology provide guidelines for the design of broadband perfect absorbers which could contribute to solve the major issue of noise reduction.
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https://hal-univ-lemans.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02396621
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Soumis le : vendredi 6 décembre 2019 - 10:13:16
Dernière modification le : jeudi 10 septembre 2020 - 13:28:43

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V. Romero-Garcia, G. Theocharis, O. Richoux, A. Merkel, V. Tournat, et al.. Perfect and broadband acoustic absorption by critically coupled sub-wavelength resonators. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2016, 6 (1), ⟨10.1038/srep19519⟩. ⟨hal-02396621⟩

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