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Effect of Carotenoids from Phaeodactylum tricornutum on Palmitate-Treated HepG2 Cells

Abstract : Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease represents the most common liver disease and is characterized by an excess of lipid accumulation in hepatocytes, mainly stored as triglycerides. Phaeodactylum tricornutum is a marine microalga, which is rich in bioactive molecules known to be hepatoprotective, such as n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and fucoxanthin. The aim of this study was to investigate the e↵ects of a carotenoid extract from P. tricornutum in a cellular model of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease induced by palmitate treatment. The combined e↵ects of carotenoids and lipids, especially n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, were also investigated by using a total lipophilic extract. HepG2 cells were exposed for 24 h to 250 µM palmitate with or without the addition of carotenoid extract (6 µg/mL) or total lipophilic extract (100 µg/mL). The addition of carotenoid extract or total lipophilic extract prevented the accumulation of triglycerides, total cholesterol and cholesterol esters. The carotenoid extract and total lipophilic extract also decreased the mRNA expression levels of genes involved in lipogenesis (ACACA, FASN, SCD and DGAT1) and cholesterol esterification (ACAT1/SOAT1). In addition, the total lipophilic extract also downregulated the LXR/NR1H3 and SREBF1 genes, which are involved in lipogenesis regulation. By contrast, the carotenoid extract increased the mRNA level of CPT1A, a-oxidation related gene, and reduced the lipid droplet accumulation. In conclusion, this study highlights the preventive e↵ects against non-alcoholic fatty liver disease of the two microalga extracts.
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Contributeur : Benoît Chénais <>
Soumis le : mercredi 8 juillet 2020 - 09:47:32
Dernière modification le : mercredi 19 août 2020 - 19:26:03

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Claire Mayer, Martine Côme, Vincent Blanckaert, Graziella Zittelli, Cecilia Faraloni, et al.. Effect of Carotenoids from Phaeodactylum tricornutum on Palmitate-Treated HepG2 Cells. Molecules, MDPI, 2020, 25 (12), pp.1-14. ⟨10.3390/molecules25122845⟩. ⟨hal-02893181⟩

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