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Chemical modification of natural rubber in latex stage for improved thermal, oil, ozone and mechanical properties

Abstract : In this work, chemical modification of natural rubber in latex stage was focused on a green condition and to improve thermal, ozone and mechanical properties. Two chemical modifications including epoxidation followed by hydrogenation of natural rubber latex (NRL) were carried out continuously in one-pot system. The NRL was treated with in situ performic acid generated from the reaction of formic acid and hydrogen peroxide to obtain partially epoxidized product or epoxidized natural rubber (ENR) latex which was then further modified its residual unsaturated units using hydrazine and hydrogen peroxide to perform hydrogenation reaction. The chemical structure of the obtained modified rubber so called hydrogenated epoxidized natural rubber (HENR) was characterized by 1H-NMR and ATR-FTIR. Two types of HENR including HENR-1 (27 mol% degree of hydrogenation and 17 mol% degree of epoxidation) and HENR-2 (25 mol% degree of hydrogenation and 28 mol% degree of epoxidation) were subjected to investigate their thermal properties compared to the NR, ENR and hydrogenated NR (HNR). It was found that the modified NRs possess higher thermal property and increased Tg as compared to NR, due to both incorporation of epoxide units and reduced unsaturation of the molecular chain. The prepared HENRs were found to maintain the strain induced crystallization character which is the feature of NR. The vulcanized HENR-1 and HENR-2 showed superior tensile strength compared to vulcanized NR. In addition, the oil and ozone resistances of modified NRs were also improved. The preparation of HENR in one-pot latex system is a facile condition and save energy for any solvent recovery. The procedure can be considered as a potential green and sustainable development of NR.
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https://hal-univ-lemans.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02932471
Contributeur : Philippe DANIEL Connectez-vous pour contacter le contributeur
Soumis le : lundi 7 septembre 2020 - 18:39:29
Dernière modification le : vendredi 25 mars 2022 - 04:00:27

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Laksana Saengdee, Pranee Phinyocheep, Philippe Daniel. Chemical modification of natural rubber in latex stage for improved thermal, oil, ozone and mechanical properties. Journal of Polymer Research, 2020, 27 (9), ⟨10.1007/s10965-020-02246-7⟩. ⟨hal-02932471⟩

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